The Return of the Wrach published on Gods & Radicals

As global warming produces conditions favourable for the breeding of mosquitoes and the spread of malaria (or ague as it was once known), THIS ESSAY looks at the lore associating it with hags and witches, who paradoxically were believed to cause and cure it.

Ague and Fever the Wellcome Library London

Advertisements

The Madness of the March Wind on Gods & Radicals

My article ‘The Madness of the March Wind’ has been published on Gods & Radicals HERE. ‘The shift in perspective, from the March Wind as a mad but familiar ally to alphabetically named storms viewed as entirely dangerous and oppositional, reflects climate change and our changing attitudes toward the weather’.

blown-umbrella

The Cloud Seeders Part Three

The final installment of my three part series on the roots of the coercive technology of cloud seeding on Gods & Radicals.

GODS & RADICALS

“Recovering our pagan traditions we could learn again to swim in the skies, return with cloud seeds to sow new myths, new rites, to recite and paint the poetry of clouds”

From Lorna Smithers

download

VI. AERIAL SPIRITS

The science of meteorology (from the Greek metéōron ‘thing up high’) has ancient roots. In his Meteorology 350BCE Aristotle developed explanations of the weather based on the relationships between the four elements: ‘fire, air, water, earth’. He provided an early theory of cloud formation: ‘The exhalation of water is vapour: air condensing into water is cloud. Mist is what is left over when a cloud condenses into water, and is therefore rather a sign of fine weather than of rain; for mist might be called a barren cloud… From the latter there fall three bodies condensed by cold, namely rain, snow, hail.’ His work was developed by his successor, Theophrastrus, in ‘On Weather…

View original post 2,227 more words

The Cloud Seeders Part Two

My latest post for Gods & Radicals. This is the second essay in a three part series exploring the roots of the coercive technology of cloud seeding. It examines the banishing of the gods of the clouds and the mist from Britain and the persecution of witches for weather magic during the witch hunts.

GODS & RADICALS

the disappearance of “the hedge of mist, and the magic and enchantment”… symbolises the banishing of the gods of the mist and practitioners of weather magic from Britain’ 

From Lorna Smithers

Glastonbury Tor Calan Mai 2013This is the second of a three part series exploring the roots of the coercive technology of cloud seeding. The first part can be read HERE.

IV. Banishing the Mists

After the Roman Empire collapsed in 476 the Roman Catholic Church retained its power. Throughout the early Middle Ages Christians worked to bring about the conversion of the Western world. People were converted and pagan shrines and temples reconsecrated in the name of Christian God.

Many stories passed down orally from this period and penned by Christian scribes contain scenes where Christian saints and warriors battled directly against pagan gods and spirits identified with devils and with wizards and witches who served them as prophets and weather…

View original post 2,505 more words

The Cloud Seeders: Part One

My latest post for Gods & Radicals: The first part of an essay exploring the roots of the coercive technology of cloud seeding and its war upon the sky gods. This focuses on the destruction of ancient animistic and polytheistic cultures in Britain and Europe.

GODS & RADICALS

“The shooting of aerosols into the skies with hail cannons or dropping them from planes like bombs provides a disturbing image of war with the sky gods that runs contrary to the pagan principle of respectful relationship.”

From Lorna Smithers

Clouds over Penwortham Sept 2018

To you alone it is given to know the gods
And spirits of the sky, or perhaps not at all

Lucan

I. The Seeding of the Skies

Cloud seeding is a magical art worked by the land, the sea, the sky, the gods and spirits, humans too.

Clouds form when water vapour condenses on cloud seeds – tiny particles of dust. This happens when the land is heated by the sun, when air is forced to rise over hills and mountains, at weather fronts, and over rainforests and peat bogs where water evaporates from leaves and mosses seeding clouds. When the air cools and the tiny droplets of…

View original post 2,045 more words

Drought Summit

My latest post on Gods & Radicals. After a drought summit was ominously called on August the 1st – Lammas/Lughnasadh/Gwyl Awst, an account of my journey to seek insights from Lugh’s Welsh cognate, Lleu Llaw Gyffes.

GODS & RADICALS

‘I see the reapers in the distance with their blades and the man in the combine harvester reaping nothing not far off’

From Lorna Smithers

Harvesting Dust by Lorna Smithers

I. Gwyl Awst

On Wednesday 1st August, Lammas/Lughnasadh/Gwyl Awst, a drought summit took place in the UK between the National Farmers’ Union and environment secretary Michael Gove. Due to the summer heatwave crops have been ‘wilting or failing’ and ‘livestock running short of grass and fodder’. To assuage this the Environment Agency have agreed to be more flexible with abstraction rights for ground and river water so farmers can water their crops and animals.

Is this a freak occurrence like the summer of 1976? Or, along with the trend of record-breaking temperatures is it demonstrative of man-made global warming and a weakening jet stream? Whatever the case, the holding of a drought summit on the day of our harvest festivals seems ominous.

Science can present…

View original post 1,109 more words

Questions of Water

Written in the midst of a heatwave in the UK, my latest essay for Gods & Radicals poses question about water, its sources, and who controls them.

GODS & RADICALS

Our connection with the source, with the divine, is lost, when water is piped to our taps from unknown sources. We’re more likely to think of water companies and bills in terms of payment rather than offering back to the deities of our watercourses above ground and to their source in the deep’ – from Lorna Smithers

christoffer-engstrom-189369-unsplash.com

 I. Water

Water. Dŵr. H2O. The mysterious source of life brought to Earth by comets 4.6 billion years ago. Water covers 71% of the Earth’s surface, creating her marble sheen of oceanic blue, decked with green continents and swirling white cloud. 96.5% of all the Earth’s water is salt water in the oceans. Of freshwater 1.74% is in the ice caps, glaciers and permanent snow, 1.69% is ground water, 0.022% is ground ice and permafrost, 0.013% is in lakes, 0.001% is in the atmosphere, 0.001% is soil moisture, 0.0008% is swamp…

View original post 1,766 more words